Many years ago Enid was known as the Wheat Capital of Oklahoma, thanks to the city having the most grain storage capacity of any city in Oklahoma as well as the nation.
While that status is up in the air today, Enid still is in the top three for cities in the United States with the most grain storage.
Joe Hampton, president of Oklahoma Grain and Feed Association, said back in the 1980s, Enid had the capacity to store more than 80 million bushels of grain.
“Right now, I would say it’s a little over 65 million,” he said.
That still puts Enid in the top three, Hampton said, along with Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., and Hutchinson, Kan.
Enid is known for its bevy of terminal grain elevators. The Enid Terminal Grain Elevators Historic District has a total of eight terminal elevators that were constructed beginning in 1925.
According to a National Register of Historic Places registration form completed in August 2008 for the city of Enid, the city became known for its grain storage capacity beginning with the construction of Enid Terminal Elevator in 1925. The elevator was built by Jones-Hettelsater Construction Co. of Kansas City. It is located at 1015 N. Van Buren. The elevator measures about 594 feet long and 60 feet wide.
Southwest Terminal Elevator, also known as Feuquay and Salina Terminal Elevator, was constructed in 1926 and 1927. It is located west of North 10th between two branches of railroad tracks.
The next to be built was General Mills Terminal Elevator, also known as Elevator of General Grain Co. The 575-foot-long, 72-foot-wide structure is located at 1702 N. 10th.
Shortly thereafter, Oklahoma Wheat Pool Terminal Elevator, also known as Farmer’s National Grain Corporation Elevator and Continental Grain Co. Elevator, was built in 1930. The elevator, located at 1801 N. 16th, has a grain capacity of 2.1 million bushels.
The next two elevators now in the district to be built were Union Equity Cooperative Exchange Elevators A and B, which were built in 1931 and 1946-1949, respectively. Elevator A has a storage capacity of about 7.65 million bushels, while Elevator B has a storage capacity of 11 million bushels.
The last two in the district to be built were Union Equity Cooperative Exchange Elevators Z and Y. Elevator Z was built from 1949-1951, and Elevator Y was constructed between 1953 and 1954. The two have a combined storage capacity of about 31.6 million bushels.
Whether third or first, Enid is one of the top grain storage locales in the country, said Brent Kisling, executive director of Enid Regional Development Alliance.
“In general, the reason we like to highlight (that) fact is it is proof we are a significant marketplace for agricultural products,” Kisling said. “From an economic development standpoint, it gives us more opportunities to delve into value-added agriculture even more than we have before.”